Organic Rules and Certification

Animal fodder, nutritive definitions - NL SKAL Standard 2005

Vermunt, B (2005) Animal fodder, nutritive definitions - NL SKAL Standard 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Within the definition for roughage, a distinction is made between feed concentrate and other roughage. SKAL has defined feed concentrate - when the roughage consists of: 900 VEM/kg dry matter, a structure of 3% or less, dry matter of 80% or a mixture of corn-cob, corn scrap, potato fibres, grass -and luzerne waste. All other feed is called roughage.

Difference

SKAL standard is more detailed by defining concentrates and type of roughage whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 is much more general ( Annex I, part B, 4.7): Rearing systems for herbivores are to be based on maximum use of pasture according to the availability of pastures in the different periods of the year. At least 60 % of the dry matter in daily rations is to consist of roughage, fresh or dried fodder, or silage.

Justification

For the definition of roughage, the former private SKAL Norms for animal husbandry have been used. This difference should avoid the use of too much feed concentrate.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Country/Standard: Europe > The Netherlands > Skal
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:100
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:26 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 09:34

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