Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing, grazing period - SE KRAV 2006

Mattsson, Eva (2006) Livestock housing, grazing period - SE KRAV 2006. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

The KRAV standards have specific standards on when animals can be kept inside even if the general provision is that animals should be outside whenever it is possible to keep them outside. Animals can be kept indoors in case of mating, insemination, giving birth, illness, insect attacks, and extreme weather conditions or before slaughter. Calves may be kept inside during the period of milk feeding. Sows may be kept indoors for maximum a month for mating/insemination, if kept inside for more then a week they shall have access to an outdoor run. Bulls are not allowed to keep inside if they are not going to be sent for slaughter in the near future. The producer shall document all animals kept indoors. (KRAV standards paragraph 5.2.4).

Difference

The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not specify when and for how long animals can be kept inside during the grazing period. In Annex 1 paragraph 8.3.1 states that mammals shall be outside whenever the physiological condition of the animal, the weather conditions and the state of the ground permit. In paragraph 8.3.4 it is a derogation to keep cattle, pigs and sheep for meat production inside during the final fattening stage, which can be maximum one fifth of the lifetime and not over three months.

Justification

KRAV have more specific standards on when and how animals can be kept inside during the grazing period, the EU Regulation is much more general. From experience it is known there is always a risk that some animals are kept inside for too long time. KRAV standards disallow keeping animals inside during the final fattening stage. It is so important that animals are outside in the summer that this is seen as more important, it should also be possible to manage the animals outside even if coming closer to slaughter.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Country/Standard: Europe > Sweden > Krav
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:1127
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:05 Oct 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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