Organic Rules and Certification

Origin of livestock, replacements - UK Compendium 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Origin of livestock, replacements - UK Compendium 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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In a derogation from the rule that all livestock must have been organically managed throughout their lives, where appropriate organic livestock are unavailable, a limited proportion of non-organic animals may, with inspection body authorisation, be bought-in for herd/flock growth or renewal. The products of these animals must be subject to the rules for organic conversion with some stated modifications.


UK Compendium Standards contain further restrictions on replacement stock compared to EU Regulation 2092/91. EU Regulation allows 20% per year of the existing herd number of pigs, sheep and goats to be brought in as adult, non-organic livestock for conversion, where organic animals are unavailable. UK Compendium allows only a 10% per year figure for all livestock, except the 20% per year permitted for sheep. Before their products may be sold as organic, UK Compendium requires such animals to remain in organic management for a full period of conversion as specified in UK Compendium, Paragraph 2.2.1. (see UK Compendium Difference "Conversion of livestock - organic status of livestock products"), with a slight modification for milk from dairy animals.


In UK Compendium, the increased regulation of the purchase of non-organic pigs and goats helps to maintain herd or flock biosecurity. The cross reference to the rules in UK Compendium, Paragraph 2.2.1. aims to eliminate any possible consumer health risks that might arise from non-organic livestock management by ensuring that organic meat animals have been in organic management since birth, and even during their gestation.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Origin of animals/livestock sources - Annex I B3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:General areas of Organic Agriculture > Organic integrity
General areas of Organic Agriculture > Production cycle
Pollution risks/non permitted inputs > Protection against contamination
Animal husbandry > Origin of animals
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Governmental regulation
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:131
Deposited On:29 Oct 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:18

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