Organic Rules and Certification

Veterinary treatment, alllopathic products - UK Compendium 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Veterinary treatment, alllopathic products - UK Compendium 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Veterinary treatments should conform to national and EU laws. Recommended types of treatment should be preferred to chemically synthesised allopathic products for treating disease. Chemically synthesised allopathic products, including antibiotics, should be used if essential for animal welfare. Preventative treatments may not include chemically synthesised allopathic products, except when agreed by the inspection body for identifiable disease risks. Vaccines may be more used early on in a Livestock Health Plan for identifiable disease risks. The aim must be to progressively reduce reliance on such treatments by reducing disease risks. All health treatments must be summarised in the Livestock Health Plan.

Difference

UK Compendium makes clear that all organic veterinary treatments should be within the normal legal limitations, but this is not specified in the EU Regulation 2092/91. For preventative treatments, the EU Regulation prohibits any use of chemically synthesised allopathic products, and it makes no mention of animal health plans. UK Compendium permits the use of such treatments, when animal welfare is cannot be otherwise assured due to an identifiable disease risk, but only in the context of the Livestock Health Plan required by UK Compendium, Paragraph 5.1.2. Particularly during organic conversion, the use of these treatments may be permitted by the Inspection body. Vaccines are also permitted for identifiable risks. The livestock health plan should provide the means to progressively reduce the disease risks and their associated veterinary treatments, and it must include a summary of all veterinary and health treatments.

Justification

UK Compendium clarifies that there are no legal exceptions for organic livestock producers. UK Compendium aims to avoid problems that may result from removal of conventional veterinary treatments before organic husbandry methods have had enough time to improve livestock health status and to reduce disease risks. The livestock manager is given time to learn, and this also helps avoid health and welfare problems during organic conversion. UK Compendium?s requirement for a Livestock Health Plan enables this gradual approach during the conversion period, aiming to maintain optimum levels of animal welfare at every stage.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Disease prevention and veterinary treatment/health care - Annex I B5

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Veterinary treatment
Animal husbandry > Animal health management
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Governmental regulation
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:136
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:27 Oct 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:18

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