Organic Rules and Certification

Free range conditions, area, cattle - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Free range conditions, area, cattle - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Cattle must be allowed fresh forage throughout the grazing season with a specified minimum total grazing area. Buffer feeding of grazing cattle is permitted. Soil Association standards state that cattle must be allowed fresh forage throughout the grazing season with a minimum total grazing area of 0.27 hectares per cow per season and that buffer feeding is permitted. Soil Association Organic Standards Paragraphs 11.3.3 and 11.3.4.

Difference

Soil Association standards are more specific than the EU Regulation 2092/91 with regards to minimum grazing areas for cattle. EU Regulation only states that herbivores must have access to pasture whenever conditions allow and that outdoor pasture must be of sufficiently low stocking density to prevent poaching and overgrazing without giving a minimum figure for the grazing area per cow/season.

Justification

The Soil Association sets a minimum grazing area for cows, taking account of UK organic grassland productivity, to help ensure the following: that soil condition and grassland habitats are conserved; that the cattle have an adequate ranging area to optimise their health and welfare; that an adequate proportion of their forage during the grazing season is grazed, not conserved; and that the risk of water pollution is minimised.

EU Regulation

Annex VII. Maximum numbers of animals per ha
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Specific animal standards > Cattle
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
Specific animal standards
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Soil Association Organic Standards
Principles:Principle of fairness
Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:175
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:18

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