Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing, zero grazing - UK Soil Association 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Livestock housing, zero grazing - UK Soil Association 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

Full text not available from this repository.


Zero grazing systems are not permitted for cattle. (Zero grazing means feeding freshly cut forage to housed animals). Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 11.3.5.


Soil Association standards are more precise than EU Regulation 2092/91. Soil Association Standards prohibit zero grazing for cattle. Zero grazing is not specifically prohibited in the EU Regulation, but it states, "Herbivores must have access to pasturage whenever conditions allow." The Soil Association rule is a clear prohibition while the EU Regulation is not.


The Soil Association rule aims to be clear and unambiguous in prohibiting zero grazing systems. Although the EU Regulation may imply such a prohibition, it could be open to other interpretations in certain situations. The prohibition of zero grazing systems encourages producers to maximise cattle's access to pasture.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Specific animal standards > Cattle
Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Specific animal standards
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Soil Association Organic Standards
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:177
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

Archive Staff Only: edit this record