Organic Rules and Certification

Conversion, simultaneous conversion, trading livestock - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Conversion, simultaneous conversion, trading livestock - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Livestock complying with requirements of simultaneous conversion may be bought or sold by a farm in simultaneous conversion. They may be traded only once before finishing, except with special Soil Association permission, and their products may not be sold as organic until all buying and selling units have completed conversion. All relevant records and documentation must be kept at the farm, and transfer documents and trading schedules must be sent with traded livestock. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.5.6.


Soil Association standards contain rules that are not specified in EU Regulation 2092/91. The Soil Association standards state that fully organic or in-conversion livestock may be traded from a livestock unit in simultaneous conversion, being bought or sold only once unless permission is sought, but that their products may be sold as organic only after the completion of conversion periods at all the units where they have been present. In this case, Soil Association standards comply with UK Compendium of Organic Standards, Annex 1B, Paragraph 2.3.1, except the Soil Association standards add the requirement for their permission to buy or sell an animal more than once on a unit in conversion. The EU Regulation on simultaneous conversion refers only to existing animals and does not include rules on the trading of livestock on holdings in simultaneous conversion.


The Soil Association standards seek to allow flexibility for the producer, regarding the purchase or sale of livestock for the holding in simultaneous conversion, without compromising the genuine organic status of livestock products. The EU Regulation specification of existing animals could be interpreted to mean only animals already present on the holding, possibly implying that the derogation may not apply to brought-in animals that are already in-conversion or organic. The Soil Association's liberal interpretation of EU Regulation should be read in the context of the detailed UK rules on conversion periods for livestock.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Conversion - Annex I B2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Conversion > Parallel conversion
Animal husbandry > Origin of animals
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Soil Association Organic Standards
Principles:Principle of care
Principle of fairness
ID Code:190
Deposited On:09 Nov 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

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