Organic Rules and Certification

Origin of livestock, replacements - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Origin of livestock, replacements - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Replacement livestock should be bred on the farm, but this is impractical and suitable organic livestock are are unavailable to buy, a limited proportion of non-organic, nulliparous, breeding female animals may be bought-in. Thius requires Soil Association permission and is only allowed at a rate of 10% of existing herd/flock size per year. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.6.8.


UK Soil Association Standards contain further restrictions on replacement stock compared to EU Regulations. EU Regulation 2092/91 allows 20% per year of the existing number of pigs, sheep and goats to be brought in as adult, non-organic livestock for conversion, where organic animals are unavailable, but only 10% for other livestock classes. Soil Association standards set a 10% per year limit for all classes of livestock. The products of such bought-in livestock are subject to the Soil Association rules for conversion, not those in EU Regulation 2.2.1. (See Soil Association Difference re. EU Regulation, Paragraph 2.2.1.)


In Soil Association standards the further regulation of the livestock replacement purchases of non-organic pigs, sheep and goats helps to maintain herd or flock biosecurity and so benefits animal health. These rules on the organic status of the products of bought-in livestock aim to reduce consumer health risks from residues of prohibited inputs.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Origin of animals/livestock sources - Annex I B3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:General areas of Organic Agriculture > Organic integrity
Specific animal standards
Animal husbandry > Origin of animals
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Soil Association Organic Standards
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:191
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

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