Organic Rules and Certification

Fertilizers, substrates, animal by-products - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005

Padel, Susanne and Lowman, Steve (2005) Fertilizers, substrates, animal by-products - UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

With prior Soil Association permission, a number of soil nutrient supplements are permitted for use to treat severe deficiencies. Among these, animal by-products are subject to particular restrictions. Soil Association standards permit the use of meat, blood, bone, hoof and horn meals, with prior permission, only in compost for use in plant propagation and not on units where there are cattle or sheep. Wool shoddy may be used, with prior permission, only if not in direct contact with the crop. Fish meals and fish emulsions may be used, with prior permission, if they do not contain prohibited substances and only in protected cropping, propagating composts or perennial crops. (Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 4.8.10.)

Difference

Soil Association standards restrict the use of animal by products. EU Regulation 2092/91 generally permits animal by-products (such as meat, blood, bone, hoof and horn meals, wool shoddy, fish products) for use where the need is recognised by the inspection body.

Justification

Soil Association standards are particularly cautious regarding the use of animal by-products as soil nutrient supplements partly due to the risk of contamination of crops with agents or vectors of infectious disease, such as BSE infected prions on pasture. "Intense exploitation of fish stocks to produce fish meal has major implications for the integrity of marine ecosystems." (Little and Edwards, 2003). Regular use of fish products for crop nutrition would not be compatible with organic ecological principles. Reference: Little, D.C. and Edwards, P. (2003) Integrated livestock - fish farming systems. URL: <http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/DOCREP/006/Y5098E/y5098e05.htm>>

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production
Environmental care/environmental impact > Nature conservation
Permitted inputs (positive lists) > Use of manure and nutrients
Country/Standard: Europe > UK > Soil Association Organic Standards
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:222
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:18 Dec 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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