Organic Rules and Certification

Free range conditions, access - CH Regulation/Ordinance 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Free range conditions, access - CH Regulation/Ordinance 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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The Swiss Ordinance on animal friendly husbandry defines the rules for organic farms in detail. Minimal hours and minimal amount of days for access to outdoor runs are required, further more minimal area per animal category are defined. Also in winter time access to the outdoors must be provided.


Swiss Ordinance requires bigger outdoor areas than the EU Regulation 2092/91 does. Equine 9 + 0,7 per 100 kg (EU only 3.7m2), Sheep and goats 4 m2 (EU only 2.5m2), Bovine /example adult female: 12 m2 (EU only 4.5 m2). The Swiss Ordinance furthermore requires access to outdoor runs in winter time, whereas EU Regulation does not.


In order to support behavioural needs of animals and the rank dynamic in groups, outdoor runs must be big enough. If of insufficient size animals will not use these areas on a regular basis or fights for rank order will become dangerous for the animals due to lack of space.

EU Regulation

Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Governmental regulation
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:273
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:58

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