Organic Rules and Certification

Animal fodder, origin - FR Regulation 2000

Leroux, Juliette (2005) Animal fodder, origin - FR Regulation 2000. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

In France, a minimum part of the ration of the organic livestock must be grown on the farm: 50 % of the annual ration of herbivores, 40 % of the annual ration of non-herbivores. For non-herbivores, the percentage can be lower (but not under 10%) if unsufficient land or if the soils of the farm are not good enough to grow cereals (but all the land dedicated to growing feed must be organic). In this case the difference between the feed produced and the 40 % of ration must be contracted with another organic farmer, a feed producer or a cooperative. It is always possible to sell the feed materials to a feed producer and to buy feed in exchange but it has to be contracted.

Difference

French regulation requires organic breeders to grow a part of their annual livestock ration, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 only requires them to grow a part of their herbivores annual ration or to contract it out to another organic unit.

Justification

This rule has several justifications. Firstly, it seemed necessary to ensure production of enough organic feed in France. It is partly thanks to this rule that France is ready to reduce the part of conventional feed in organic livestock rations. Secondly, it is a way to ensure that each organic farm has enough land, because off-land breeding is not consistent with the principles of organic agriculture, and because organic manure should be used in priority on the farm where it has been produced..

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Country/Standard: Europe > France > Governmental regulation
Principles:Principle of care
Ecological principle
ID Code:28
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:24 Oct 2005
Last Modified:15 Apr 2010 15:23

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