Organic Rules and Certification

Full farm conversion - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Full farm conversion - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Full farm conversion of the whole operation to organic is required by DEMETER and is applied for arable land, perennial crops and animal husbandry all the same. The farmer has to attend a training on bio-dynamic farming and must prove knowledge on bio-dynamic farming.

Difference

DEMETER standards do not allow a split production of DEMETER and conventional production areas within the same farm or by the same manager, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 does allow split production within the farm by the same manager. Furthermore, DEMETER requires the farmers to attend a training on bio-dynamic farming, whereas EU Regulation does not rule the question of capacity building among organic farmers.

Justification

The personal committment required from a farm manager towards bio-dynamic farming does not comply with the thought of having conventional areas within the same operation.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Conversion - Annex I A1
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Conversion - Annex I B2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Conversion > Whole farm conversion
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Principle of care
Ecological principle
ID Code:286
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:27 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:58

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