Organic Rules and Certification

Fertilizers, substrates - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Fertilizers, substrates - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Fertility should be enhanced by own farmyard manure. If not available only a limited amount of bought in manure is allowed according to DEMETER standards and it should be of bio-dynamic or organic origin.


DEMETER standards provide a shorter list of admitted fertilizers. Guano is not allowed according DEMETER standards nor are animal corps preparates (except horn). The distance for the transport of farmyard manure is restricted. Peat can only be used for seedling production and only to a very limited ratio. The EU Regulation 2092/91 allows a broader range of fertilizers.


There are ecological reasons to exclued Guano, to restrict the use of peat and to limit the transport of farmyard manure.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:299
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

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