Organic Rules and Certification

Fertilization, general requirements - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Fertilization, general requirements - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Composted farm yard manure (preferably from own animal husbandry) with specific bio-dynamic preparations (plant extract additives) enhances soil fertility and the soil quality. Farms should have their own animal husbandry. Only in exceptional cases fare arms without animal husbandry accepted (e.g. fruit orchards, horticulture).


Manure applied should preferably originate from own animal husbandry and must be composted with specific bio-dynamic preparates. An exception from the DEMETER certification is required if no animals are reared on the farm. The EU Regulation 2092/91 makes no preferences for the origin of the nutrients applied, but only requires that farm yard manure has to be from extensive husbandry.


Enlivening the soil and the maintenance and development of soil fertility are basic objectives of the bio-dynamic method. The greatest influence in this regard (besides sound soil tillage and crop rotation) is the careful use of composted and prepared manures from ruminants, in particular from cows.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Crop production > Soil fertility and biological activity
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:300
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:59

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