Organic Rules and Certification

Fertilization, biodynamic prepaparations - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Fertilization, biodynamic prepaparations - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Specific bio-dynamic preparations enhance soil fertility and the health of crops. These preparations are defined as field sprays (cow-horn manure, horn silica) and compost preparations (camomile, oak bark, dandelion, yarrow, stinging nettle, valerian). The full effect can only be expected when all the preparations (compost and spray preparations) are used in composted manures and as crop sprays at least once throughout the year.

Difference

Specific bio-dynamic preparations help to regulate cosmic and earth-bound forces. They soil fertility and contribute to improve the nutritional quality of the crops. EU Regulation 2092/91 gives standards for fertilization requirements but does not extend the definition of fertility to aspects of superior life forces.

Justification

Bio-dynamic farming includes the aspect of earthbound and cosmic forces, which can be regulated with the support of specific bio-dynamic preparations. Only the combination of manuring and application of bio-dynamic field sprays would lead to increased fertility of soil and to a (holistic) nutrional quality of the crops.

EU Regulation

Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Pesticides/Substances for plant pest and disease control - Annex II B
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Crop production > Soil fertility and biological activity
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:301
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:59

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