Organic Rules and Certification

Crop rotation - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Crop rotation - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Crop rotation is mentioned in a general way in the preamble of the standard. Since all farms must have their own animal husbandry, rotation must include fodder and roughage production for these animals. However: all DEMETER farms have to comply with the Bio Suisse standards of crop rotation.

Difference

EU Regulation 2092/91 in general requires the rotation of green manures or deep-rooting plants in an appropriate multi-annual rotation programme with no minimal rates for specific soil enhancing crops. DEMETER farms are forced into a very diverse crop rotation scheme since they must produce fodder for their own animal husbandry.

Justification

Since own fodder production and own animal husbandry is required, the crop rotation must be balanced with leguminous crops as well as other fodder crops in order to keep the farm self-sufficient in its fodder supply.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > General principles - not in EC Reg

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Crop rotation
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:303
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:59

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