Organic Rules and Certification

Peat - CH Demeter 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Peat - CH Demeter 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Peat can constitute only 70% of the substratum for the production of seedlings.


DEMETER restricts the use of peat to seedling production and within substrata to a maximum 70% whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 only lists peat as admitted 'fertilizer' limited to horticulture (market gardening, floriculture, arboriculture, nursery).


Peat is a very limited resource which should be used as little as possible to ensure supplies for future generations. Furthermore peat production infringes on natural habitats, which is not in line with the aim for sound production methods of organic farming.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Environmental care/environmental impact > Nature conservation
Permitted inputs (positive lists) > Use of manure and nutrients
Environmental care/environmental impact > Soil
Permitted inputs (positive lists)
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
ID Code:308
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:59

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