Organic Rules and Certification

Conversion of land, livestock production - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Conversion of land, livestock production - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

A conversion period of 4 years is required; crops may be sold with 'DEMETER' denomination in the fourth year of conformity with DEMETER standards. As soon as all plots with fodder production have completed the conversion period, also animal husbandry is considered as DEMETER. No retrospective approval is granted (no reduction of the conversion period is possible). In case of a certified production according Bio Suisse Standards, DEMETER approval may occur in the second year of conformity with DEMETER Standards.

Difference

DEMETER requires a minimal conversion period of 4 years for pastures, whereas EU Regulation 2092/91 permits a reduction of the conversion period for pastures down to 6 months for non-herbivore species if no disallowed substances have been applied to the respective plots.

Justification

Essential agricultural knowledge and skills in the biodynamic mehod are important prerequisitites for successfull farming. To acquire this knowledge and to gain credibility in the consumers eyes, DEMETER strictly defines the beginning of conversion as starting with the first inspection and requires a four year conversion period.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Conversion - Annex I B2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Conversion > Retrospective approval
Conversion > Conversion definitions
Conversion > Whole farm conversion
Animal husbandry
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Principle of care
ID Code:309
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:22 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 08:59

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