Organic Rules and Certification

Animal fodder, origin - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Animal fodder, origin - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Only in pig and chicken production, purchase of bio-dynamic off-farm fodder (cereals) is unlimited. For all other animals the quantity of purchased fodder must not exceed 20% of dry matter equivalent of the annual need for each category.


DEMETER standards contain further restrictions since the standard limits the purchase of fodder at 20% (related to the yearly dry matter equivalent needed for each animal category). Only for pig and chicken rearing are no limits set. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires 50% of the fodder to be grown on the farm if feasible, and if not it should be purchased from other organic farms.


The self supply with fodder for ruminants is a principle aim within a bio-dynamic farm. The production of enough roughage adds to a closed and balanced production cycle within the operation and therefore purchase of fodder is restricted for ruminants.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Permitted inputs (positive lists)
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:314
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 09:00

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