Organic Rules and Certification

Free range conditions, access, ruminants - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Free range conditions, access, ruminants - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

During vegetation season all animals must have daily access to free range (pasture and or coral). During winter time exceptions for ruminants are possible: ruminants must have access to free range on at least 13 days of each month.

Difference

While DEMETER follows a set minimal number of days for animals to be at pasture, which is based on an ordinance and payment scheme of the Swiss Government for outdoor access. The EU Regulation 2092/91 requires access to pasture in a general manner, and in winter time access to outdoor run is not mandatory. The minimal size for outdoor runs required by DEMETER is larger than the size defined by the EU Regulation.

Justification

From a ethological point of view an almost daily but at least regular access to an outdoor area is seen as essential need for farm animals.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:316
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:20 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 09:00

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