Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Livestock housing, area, poultry - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]
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DEMTER has to comply with the Swiss Ordinance on animal husbandry and rules the area of stable size in the same way as the latter. In the stable not more than 6 hens per m2 can be kept, additionally a wintergarden must be provided with 43m2 per 1000 animals and in addition to this there must be an outdoor area (pasture) of 5m2 per animal.
EU Regulation 2092/91 also requires no more than 6 animals/m2, but the size of wintergarden is not defined, and the size of pasture required is 4m2/animal which is less than the size required by Swiss Ordinance and therefore also by DEMETER.
From an ethological point of view a lower number of animals per surface area and a lower maximum number of animals per stable is seen as more animal-friendly.
Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII
|Item type:||Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91|
|Subjects:||Specific animal standards > Poultry|
Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Specific animal standards > Pullet rearing (under development)
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
|Country/Standard:||Europe > Switzerland > Demeter|
|Principles:||Principle of fairness|
Principle of health
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||20 Nov 2005|
|Last Modified:||16 Apr 2010 09:00|
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