Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2005) Manure fertilizers, origin - CH Bio Suisse Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]
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Farm yard manure must originate from organic farms. If not available from organic farms, not more than 50% of the necessary N and P205 may origin from non-organic farms, which are managed according the integrated production standard and additional ecological requirements as defined by Swiss ordinance. However at least 50% of manure produced on the farm must be used on farm. If farm yard manure is sold to other farms, these must be certified organic farms. The distance for transporting manure and slury is restricted to 20 - 80 km depending on the kind of manure.
The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not limit the export of farm yard manure to other farms as long the limit of 170kgN/ha among organic farms is respected; it only restricts the maximum stocking rate to an equivalent of 170 kg N/ha. No limits for transporting distances for manure to other farms are foreseen in the EU Regulation.
Organic farming should be performed based on the principle of a closed system with self-sufficiency in fertilizer supply but no excessive manure should be produced.
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Livestock manure - Annex I B7, see also Annex VII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
|Item type:||Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91|
|Subjects:||Crop production > Fertilisers|
General areas of Organic Agriculture > Farming systems
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
|Country/Standard:||Europe > Switzerland > BIO SUISSE|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||12 Sep 2005|
|Last Modified:||16 Apr 2010 07:33|
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