Organic Rules and Certification

Seed and plant material, origin - Demeter International 2005

Huber, Beate and Deeken, Wiebke (2006) Seed and plant material, origin - Demeter International 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Seeds and vegetative propagation material must originate from biodynamic agriculture if available. Open pollinated varieties of biodynamic origin should be preferred. For vegetable production and potatoes propagation material from organic origin can be used, if biodynamic material is not available. If organic sources are not available, untreated material of conventional origin (excluding young plants/seedlings) may be used after approval by the respective organisation. Unavailability must be documented. (DI production standards, 3.1 Seed and propagation material; DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 1)


The DI standard is more detailed in the aspect to require prefence of open pollinated varieties and plant propagation material from biodynamic sources. In case of unavailability and after approval conventional material can be used. The EU Regulation does not refer to open pollinated varieties and does not regulate biodynamic quality. The use of conventional seeds or vegetative plant propagation material can be approved if the desired crop and variety is not available in organic quality according to the national data base for organic seeds.


The aim is to grow plants of the best nutritional quality and to ensure biodynamic quality throughout the whole production chain. Hybrids are considered to have a lower quality concerning nutritional aspects. Hybridisation as breeding technique is in opposition to the understanding of adequate biodynamic methods. For more details visit

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Seeds and seedlings - see Art. 6a
Rules of production and preparation - Art.6

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Seed production /Seedlings
Country/Standard:Demeter International Standard
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:545
Deposited On:11 Sep 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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