Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock management, perennial cropping systems - Demeter International 2004

Huber, Beate (2006) Livestock management, perennial cropping systems - Demeter International 2004. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Farms with intensive vegetable production or perennial crops should keep animals on the farm or at least cooperate with another biodynamic farm to set up a fertilising programme based on animal manure. (DI production standards 3.4.Market gardens, field vegetables, hops and other perennial crops)

Difference

The DI standard requires that animals are being reared on farms with intensive horticulture production or perennial cropping systems; where as in the EU Regulation 2092/91 no such requirement is stated.

Justification

The fertilizing programme should be based on animals kept on the farm in order to promote the development of the farm as an individual living organism by using the own animal manure. Animal husbandry, with the accompanying fodder production is an important part of the agricultural enterprise. With respect to the development of the enterprise, the farm organism cannot do without livestock. This applies to the ruminant in particular. The fodder plants and the well-balanced manure that comes into being because of cattle, contribute considerably through the enlivening of the soil, to the long term flourishing of a farm. The harmonious co-operation of mankind with the three kingdoms of nature can lead to a living, ensouled farm organism.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Special plant production standards - not in EC Reg

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Horticulture
Perennial crops
Country/Standard:Demeter International Standard
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:551
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:17 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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