Organic Rules and Certification

Farm diversity - Demeter International 2005

Huber, Beate (2006) Farm diversity - Demeter International 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Demeter farms are required to integrate ruminants or equidae. Exemptions can be approved by the respective certifying organisation. In market gardens and in enterprises having solely perennial crops, the requirement to have their own animals is not obligatory if manures, compost, green manures, and preparation usage is particularly intensive. (DI production standards, 5.1. Requirement to have livestock DI production standards, Appendix 7, APP 4)


Demeter farms are not regulated by the EU Regulation 2092/91, and there is no requirement to have any type of livestock on an organic farm according to the EU Regulation.


Animal husbandry, with the accompanying fodder production is an important part of the agricultural enterprise. With respect to the development of the enterprise, the farm organism cannot do without livestock. This applies to the ruminant in particular. The fodder plants and the well-balanced manure that comes into being because of cattle, contribute considerably through the enlivening of the soil, to the long term flourishing of a farm. The harmonious co-operation of mankind with the three kingdoms of nature can lead to a living, ensouled farm organism.

EU Regulation

Preamble and principles
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > General principles - not in EC Reg

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:General areas of Organic Agriculture
General areas of Organic Agriculture > Farming systems
Perennial crops
Country/Standard:Demeter International Standard
Principles:Ecological principle
ID Code:566
Deposited On:17 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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