Organic Rules and Certification

Origin of livestock, smallholders - Demeter International 2005

Huber, Beate (2006) Origin of livestock, smallholders - Demeter International 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

Find additional information in attached files:



Smallholders are allowed to bring in fattening animals of conventional origin for home consumption if certified Demeter or organic animals are not available. The animals should be fed and kept according Demeter standards as much as possible and they cannot be marketed with reference to Demeter. (DI production standards, 5.7.B Animals brought in for fattening)


The DI standard has further details to the EU Regulation 2092/91. According to the EU Regulation there are no specific provisions for smallholders and conventional animals for fattening purposes (except poultry) cannot be bought in. However, as it is possible to have conventional farming units on an organic farm, conventional animals can be brought into these units, where they don't have to be fed with organic feeding stuffs.


In order to enable Demeter certified smallholders to keep animals for home consumption, even if not all the requirements regarding biodynamic animal husbandry can be complied with. This is only possible in countries not belonging to the EU and only for self-supply.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Origin of animals/livestock sources - Annex I B3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Origin of animals
Country/Standard:Demeter International Standard
Principles:Principle of fairness
ID Code:584
Deposited On:17 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

Archive Staff Only: edit this record