Organic Rules and Certification

Full farm conversion - Demeter International 2005

Huber, Beate (2006) Full farm conversion - Demeter International 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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The conversion of the whole farm to the Biodynamic method in one step is required and shall be completed after a maximum of five years. Exemptions can be approved if the whole farm is managed organically and the conversion to biodynamic of individual areas following the crop rotation is justified (Appendix 7, APP 20 and 22). Parallel production is not allowed. Exemptions for perennial crops can be approved (Appendix 7, APP 21). A farm manager may not manage a Demeter farm and a conventional farm in the same district. (DI production standards, 7.1. Conversion and the production manager; DI production standards, Appemdix 7, APP 20, 21, 22)


The DI standard contains additional requirements. After 5 years of conversion, conventional units are no longer admitted on the farm. The whole farm should be converted in one step. The same person cannot manage one Demeter and another conventional farm at the same time. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 separated conventional units and organic units can exist on the same farm.


Conversion is a process of change encompassing the many developmental steps that the enterprise goes through on the way to a new state of equilibrium.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Conversion - Annex I A1

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Conversion > Conversion planning
Conversion > Whole farm conversion
Country/Standard:Demeter International Standard
Principles:Principle of care
ID Code:589
Deposited On:17 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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