Organic Rules and Certification

Plant protection, substances - DE Bioland 2005

Huber, Beate and Deeken, Wiebke (2005) Plant protection, substances - DE Bioland 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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The plant protection agents listed in the corresponding annex 10.2. can only be used, if other agricultural measures to strengthen the health of the cropping system have been unsuccessful. Equipment for the application of plant protection agents must be free from residues of objectionable substances. The use of synthetic pesticides and growth regulators is prohibited. (Bioland production standards, 3.7 Plant Protection 3.7.1 Basic Principles; Bioland production standards, 3.7.2 Permissible Measures; Bioland production standards, 3.7.3 Prohibitions; Bioland production standards, 10.2.1 Biological and Biotechnical Measures; Bioland production standards, 10.2.2 Plant Protection and Care Agents; Bioland production standards, Generally Permissible Agents; Bioland production standards, Agents only Permissible in Horticulture and Permanent Cultures as well as in the mentioned crops)


The BIOLAND standard has further requirements to the EU Regulation 2092/91. There are certain (mainly natural) products on the BIOLAND list of permissible products, that are not mentioned in the EU Regulation.: i.e. stone meal, bentonite, prepared aluminium oxide, "waterglass" (sodium silicate), herb extracts, herb liquid manure and teas (e.g. nettle, horsetail, onion, horse radish, parsley fern), ethyl alcohol, milk and whey products, sodium hydrogen carbonate. These products are not considered as plant protection, but fortifying agents, which can be used in accordance with the EU Regulation 2092/91 in Germany. The following products are excluded or restricted in their use according to the BIOLAND standard, but permitted in the EU Regulation.: bees wax (not considered as plant protection agent in Germany), gelatine, extraction from Nicotina tabacum, rotenon, diammoniumphosphate, metaldehyde, pyrethoids in traps, ethylene and potassium alum, copper preparations with further restrictions (max metallic copper amount 3 kg/ha and year, in hop cultivation max 4 kg/ha and year, in potato cultivation only with permission of the BIOLAND Association. If agents with copper content are used, the copper content of the soil must be continuously monitored by means of soil analysis).


In order to avoid negative influences on products as well as on the environment (i.e. by the accumulation of copper in soil), substances considered to be critical and whose beneficial effects can also be caused by other products or methods are prohibited by the BIOLAND Association. Moreover some of the substances (ethylene, potassium alum) are not relevant for plant production in the area certified by BIOLAND.

EU Regulation

Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Pesticides/Substances for plant pest and disease control - Annex II B
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Plant pests and diseases, and weeds control - Annex I A3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Permitted inputs (positive lists)
Crop production > Crop protection
Country/Standard: Europe > Germany > Bioland
Principles:Principle of care
Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:632
Deposited On:18 Dec 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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