Organic Rules and Certification

Mushroom production, substrate - DE Bioland Standards 2005

Huber, Beate and Deeken, Wiebke (2005) Mushroom production, substrate - DE Bioland Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Substrates must consist of materials from BIOLAND certified farms or at least certified organic origin. Substrates other than of BIOLAND origin can only be used after approval by BIOLAND. Organic animal manure to be used as substrate component requires organic bedding material. In the case of conventional wood, the origin must be traceable and if needed an analysis completed to show its harmlessness. Peat is admissible as top layer. Mineral substrate components can be used, if listed in the corresponding annex (10.1.4.). (Bioland production standards, 5.4 Mushroom Production 5.4.1 Basic Principles; Bioland production standards, 5.4.2 Substrate; Bioland production standards, 10.1.4 Mineral Complementing Fertilisers)


The BIOLAND standard is more demanding. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 up to 25% of the substrate can consist of certain types of conventional animal manure, if these are not available in organic quality. This is not allowed according to the BIOLAND standards.


To ensure BIOLAND / organic quality throughout the whole production chain and to avoid contamination with objectionable substances.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Production of mushrooms - Annex I A5
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Permitted inputs (positive lists)
Horticulture > Mushrooms
Country/Standard: Europe > Germany > Bioland
Principles:Principle of health
ID Code:644
Deposited On:17 Dec 2005
Last Modified:06 May 2010 14:57

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