Organic Rules and Certification

Soil management, perennial crops - DE Bioland 2005

Huber, Beate (2005) Soil management, perennial crops - DE Bioland 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Vineyards and hop plantations must have undercropping. In dry periods and in new plantations parts of the soil in vineyards can be kept without vegetation for three months. If this period is extended, the soil must be covered with organic material. While establishing an undercropping system, the nitrogen balance must be considered and legume species must be part of the composition. (Bioland production standards, 5.6 Viticulture, 5.6.1 Soil Care, Greening and Fertilising; Bioland production standards, 5.7. Hop cultivation, 5.7.3 Greening)

Difference

The EU Regulation 2092/91 does not require soil coverage for perennial cropping systems as BIOLAND does. There is only the general provision to use legume species and green manure in order to maintain and enhance soil fertility.

Justification

In order to reduce the problems and disadvantages of the permanent mono-culture (erosion, problems with pests and diseases) in vineyards and to ensure the production of grapes, juice and wine of a high quality. Undercropping and soil cover can contribute to soil conservation and avoid erosion. Additionally habitat for beneficial insects is provided as a contribution to a balanced ecosystem.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Special plant production standards - not in EC Reg

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Perennial crops > Wine production
Environmental care/environmental impact > Soil
Perennial crops
Country/Standard: Europe > Germany > Bioland
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:648
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:17 Dec 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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