Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - DE Bioland Standards 2005

Huber, Beate (2006) Livestock management, physical operations/mutilations - DE Bioland Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Appropriate and careful handling of the animals and regular care is required. Horns cannot be removed by means of cauterising. Tail-docking for cattle and pigs, prophylactic cutting of pigs`teeth, nose rings or clamps and trimming of beaks is prohibited. Further physical operations may not be realised systematically. Hens during the laying pause must have at least 5 hours of daylight. (Bioland production standards, 4.3 Dealing with animals, 4.3.1 General; Bioland production standards, 4.3.2 Measures in the business)


The BIOLAND standard is slightly more detailed. The EU Regulation 2092/91 allows the majority of the above mentioned physical operations, under the condition that they are not executed systematically, but some of the operations can be admitted for reasons of health, animal welfare, safety or hygiene and they must be carried out in an appropriate way. Nothing is mentioned within the EU Regulation about hens during the laying pause.


Good care is essential for the well-being of the animals. Physical operations must be avoided wherever possible and this is why many operations commonly applied in conventional animal husbandry are prohibitted. The animals must be able to execute their natural behaviour (i.e.: digging into the earth is an important element of the natural behaviour of pigs, which is made impossible by the application of nose rings).

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal husbandry, management, transport, identification of livestock products/slaughter - Annex I B6

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry
Country/Standard: Europe > Germany > Bioland
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:685
Deposited On:15 Jan 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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