Organic Rules and Certification

Animal fodder, origin - DE Bioland 2005

Huber, Beate (2006) Animal fodder, origin - DE Bioland 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

50% of the feed for one animal species has to be produced on the same farm. The rest can be bought in, preferably from other BIOLAND certified farms. In case of small stock sizes of poultry, pigs and horses (less than 1000 laying hens or the respective figure of other poultry categories, less than 30 sows, less than 60 fattening pigs places or less than 10 horses) 100 % of the fodder can be purchased. If unavailable other organic feeding stuffs and certain conventional feeding stuffs can be used after approval. Ready mixed feed components and mineral feed components can only be purchased from BIOLAND certified, respectively BIOLAND approved companies. Conventional feeding stuffs can only make up 5% of the diet of pigs (not all kind of pig production), 10% for laying hens, 15% for pullets, 15% for fattening poultry and only until an age of 10 weeks, 5% for sheep and 10% for deer. The daily intake of conventional feeding stuffs is limited to 25%. Only a few conventional feeding stuffs are admitted (hay, grass silage, leguminous plants, cereals and mill residue products, oil-bearing seeds, oil cakes, oil expellers, fodder beets, potato protein (only for pigs and poultry), gluten of maize (only poultry), winter grazing on extensively managed areas(only for sheep). Some more conventional feeding stuffs can be used during the conversion period, as long as the animal products are marketed without reference to organic agriculture. Conventional grassland harvest from the own farm can be fed to all kind of animals within the percentages allowed according to the EU Regulation and without specific approval. Animal feed must be of a good quality, feeding stuffs from third world countries, feeding stuffs of animal origin (except for milk) and extraction groats are excluded. (Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 10.4 Temporary regulations for purchased feed from non-organic origin; Bioland production standards, 10.4.1 - 10.4.5; Bioland production standards, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; Bioland production standards, 4.4.2 Feed from land in conversion)

Difference

The BIOLAND standard contains further restrictions. Less conventional feeding stuffs are admitted and the respective percentages are lower. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 ruminants can be fed with up to 5% conventional feeding stuffs listed in the Annex II C and pigs and poultry can be given up to 15% until the end of 2007. After that the percentage will decline (10% until the end of 2009, 5% until the end of 2011). If animal products are not to be marketed with reference to organic farming within 5 years of the beginning of the conversion period, more types of conventional feeding stuffs (but still less than in the EU Regulation) and the same percentages as indicated in the EU Regulation are admissible. The stipulation to have 50% feed produced on the same farm is restricted in the EU Regulation to herbivores and it can be produced by another organic farm as a cooperation partner.Bioland excludes feeding stuff originating from developping countries, EU doesn't specifiy the origin.

Justification

The animal density is mainly oriented on the basis of the provision of feed by the business/farm itself. The purchase of fodder is subject to most stringent quality standards in order to minimise the load placed on the operational cycle of the business by pollutants. Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.1 General; Bioland production standards, 4.4 Animal Density and Purchase of Additional Feedstuffs, 4.4.3 Quality of purchased feed; The provisions refer to the ecological principle of recyling of nutrients and mutual benefit among the different production units of a farm. Furthermore contamination with objectionable substances (i.e. solubles used for extraction processes)must be avoided.

EU Regulation

Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for animal husbandry > Feed materials - Annex II C
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for animal husbandry > Feed additives, other substances used in animal nutrition/feedingstuff - Annex II D
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Country/Standard: Europe > Germany > Bioland
Principles:Principle of care
Principle of health
ID Code:687
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:15 Jan 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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