Organic Rules and Certification

Origin of livestock, general requirements - US NOP 2002

Huber, Beate (2006) Origin of livestock, general requirements - US NOP 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

§ 205.236 Origin of livestock. (a) Livestock products that are to be labelled as organic must be from livestock under continuous organic management from the last third of gestation or hatching: Except that, (1) Poultry must have been under continuous organic management beginning no later than the second day of life; (2) Dairy animals. Milk or milk products must be from animals that have been under continuous organic management beginning no later than 1 year prior to the production. There are exceptions when an entire, distinct herd is converted to organic production. (3) Breeder stock. Livestock used as breeder stock may be brought from a non-organic operation.

Difference

The detail of US NOP standards differs from the EU Regulation 2092/91. US require slaughter stock to be under continuous organic management from the last third of gestation or hatching, except for day-old poultry. EU requires slaughter stock to come from organic units and allows non-organic slaughter stock under certain conditions, e.g. conversion of the whole farm or in case of poultry. US requires 12 months conversion period for dairy animals before labelling milk and milk products as organic. EU requires continuous organic management and under certain circumstances (see above) a minimum of 6 months. US allows conventional breeder stock whereas EU has further restrictions on conventional breeder stock.

Justification

No justification was available.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Origin of animals/livestock sources - Annex I B3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Origin of animals
Country/Standard:USA
Principles:Principle of care
Principle of health
ID Code:779
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:06 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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