Huber, Beate (2006) Livestock housing, general requirements - US NOP 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]
Find additional information in attached files:
§ 205.239 Livestock living conditions. (a) The producer of an organic livestock operation must establish and maintain livestock living conditions which accommodate the health and natural behavior of animals, including: (1) Access to the outdoors (2) Access to pasture for ruminants (3) Appropriate clean, dry bedding. If the bedding is typically consumed by the animal species, it must comply with the feed requirements of § 205.237; (4) Shelter meeting the needs of animals (b) The producer of an organic livestock operation may provide temporary confinement for an animal under certain conditions
The detail of living condition standards differes between the US and the EU Regulation 2092/91. Both US and EU require outdoor access for any animals. US in addition requires pasture for ruminants, not allowing derogations, EU require pasture for herbivores 'wherever conditions allow'. EU waves outdoor access for herbivores in winter under certain conditions. EU allows tethering under specified conditions, US does not address tethering. US require bedding to meet feed requirements if is typically consumed by the animal species. EU does not address this. EU has detailed requirements for housing of poultry, US do not. EU defines minimum indoor and outdoor surface area and other characteristics of housing in the different species and types of production.
No justification was available.
|Item type:||Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91|
|Subjects:||Animal husbandry > Outdoor access|
Animal husbandry > Animal housing
|Principles:||Principle of fairness|
Principle of health
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||06 Mar 2006|
|Last Modified:||16 Apr 2010 13:00|
Archive Staff Only: edit this record