Organic Rules and Certification

Scope of organic regulation - US National Organic Program 2002

Huber, Beate (2006) Scope of organic regulation - US National Organic Program 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

US regulates cultivated crop, wild crop, livestock, livestock feed and handling (preparation and processing) operations. For labelling purposes US only regulates the term 'organic', not derivatives or diminutives. Exemptions: US exempts producers and handlers with less than $5000/year total organic sales from certification requirements, although they must comply with the regulation.

Difference

EU Regulation 2092/91 is only applied to unprocessed agricultural products, processed agricultural products and feedstuff. US, in addition applies the regulation to processed non-food products although there are no specific provisions or exemptions (e.g. additives for producing cosmetics or textiles) for non-food products. EU regulates the terms 'organic', 'biologic', and 'ecologic', including their translations, derivatives, and diminutives. US only regulate the term 'organic'. US exempt producers and handlers with less than $5000/year. EU does not. Retail operations are not required to be certified by US, but by EU (with some exemptions). US exempt handlers that process products containing less than 70% organic ingredients from certification. EU prohibits such operations from identifying 'organic' ingredients on the information panels of products.

Justification

No justification was given

EU Regulation

Scope - Art.1-3

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:General areas of Organic Agriculture > Organic integrity
Definitions
Country/Standard:USA
Principles:Principle of care
Principle of fairness
ID Code:791
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:15 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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