Organic Rules and Certification

Free range conditions, area - US NOP 2002

Huber, Beate (2006) Free range conditions, area - US NOP 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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There are no specific provisions for minimum livestock surface area, but natural behaviour must be accommodated.


EU Regulation 2092/91 specifies the minimum surface areas indoors and outdoors and other characteristics of housing in the different species and types of production. Both US and EU require outdoor access for any animals. US require in addition pasture for ruminants, allowing temporary confinement for inclement weather, an animal's stage of production, to protect the health, safety or well being of the animals or when there is a risk to soil or water quality. EU require pasture for herbivores 'wherever conditions allow'. EU waves outdoor access for herbivores in winter under certain conditions.


No justification was available.

EU Regulation

Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:798
Deposited On:15 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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