Organic Rules and Certification

Certification, general requirements - US NOP 2002

Huber, Beate (2006) Certification, general requirements - US NOP 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

Find additional information in attached files:



§ 205.400 General requirements for certification. A person seeking to receive or maintain organic certification must: (a) Comply with the Act and applicable organic production and handling regulations of this part (b) Establish an organic production or handling system plan (c) Permit on-site inspections (d) Maintain all records applicable to the organic operation for not less than 5 years (e) Submit the applicable fees (f) Immediately notify the certifying agent concerning any: (1) Application, including drift, of a prohibited substance (2) Change in a certified operation that may affect its compliance with the Act and the regulations in this part


They are no differences in the basic principles, however the US is more specific in the details compared to the EU Regulation 2092/91. EU does not define drift as a non-compliance with the Regulation and does not require notification of drift. However drift is subject to different interpretations in the EU.


If the outcome of the investigation reveals that the presence of the detected prohibited substance is the result of an intentional application, the certified operation will be subject to suspension or revocation of its organic certification and/or a civil penalty. In cases of unintended drift the specific crop may not be sold as organic, but the organic status of future crop years are not affected since organic certification is a production claim, not a content claim.

EU Regulation

Annex III - Minimum inspection Requirements/precautionary measures > General provisions

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production
Inspection and certification > Inspection schemes
Pollution risks/non permitted inputs > Protection against contamination
Principles:Principle of fairness
ID Code:799
Deposited On:15 Mar 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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