Organic Rules and Certification

Inspections, general requirements - US NOP 2002

Huber, Beate (2006) Inspections, general requirements - US NOP 2002. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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§ 205.403 On-site inspections. A certifying agent must conduct an initial on-site inspection of each production unit. An on-site inspection shall be conducted annually thereafter. A certifying agent may conduct additional on-site inspections, announced or unannounced, of applicants for certification and certified operations. The Administrator or State organic program's governing State official may require that additional inspections be performed. The initial on-site inspection must be conducted within a reasonable time. The inspector must conduct an exit interview. The inspector shall provide the operation's authorized representative with a receipt for any samples taken by the inspector. There shall be no charge to the inspector for the samples taken.


Both EU Regulation 2092/91 and US require annual inspections and additional announced or unannounced inspections. EU has a risk-based approach for additional visits; US does not specify this. US requires an exit interview, whereas EU does not specify this. The EU is more specific in documentary accounts. US require documents to be kept for 5 years, EU does not. EU requires in case of part conversion for crop and livestock production conventional units to be inspected, US requires operators to allow access to non-certified production and handling areas during inspection.


No justification was available.

EU Regulation

Annex III - Minimum inspection Requirements/precautionary measures > General provisions

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Inspection and certification > Inspection schemes
Inspection and certification > Risk based inspection
Principles:Principle of care
Principle of fairness
ID Code:803
Deposited On:15 Mar 2006
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

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