Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing and free range conditions, general requirements, poultry - NL Skal Standards 2005

Vermunt, B (2005) Livestock housing and free range conditions, general requirements, poultry - NL Skal Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

SKAL has set norms for poultry, concerning extension, space per animal, equipment, stocking rates. SKAL Rule Text: 2.4 article 1,2,3,4, 6 and 16: 8 week old hens must go outside, unless winter temperatures, with enough room to range freely and take a sandbath (2.5 m² per chicken). Only 7 young hens per m² stable are allowed. Shrubs and trees have to be present in the outdoor area. Per m² stable only 5 nests are allowed. 50% must be free-range area with dry bedding. Each hen must have 20 cm of perch. 1 nest per 6 hens must be available.

Difference

SKAL standards are more detailled compared to EU Regulation 2092/91. SKAL requires shrubs and trees to be present in the outdoor area and has further restrictions on animals per m² stable, on nests and perch space. EU is more general on open air runs (not specified for poultry) and is defining only the animlas per m² indoors and outdoors.

Justification

All animals need enough space and outdoor areas for natural behaviour.

EU Regulation

Annex VII. Maximum numbers of animals per ha
Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Country/Standard: Europe > The Netherlands > Skal
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:81
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:30 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 07:46

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