Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing and free range conditions, general requirements, poultry - NL Skal Standards 2005

Vermunt, B (2005) Livestock housing and free range conditions, general requirements, poultry - NL Skal Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

SKAL has set specific norms for meat pullets. see SKAL Rule Text: 2.5 article 2 and 3: Pullets must have 1,5 m² per pullet outdoor area. 50% of the outdoor area must be covered with shrubs and trees. The total number of animals allowed per m² is 28 till the age of 2 weeks, 14 till the age of 6 weeks, and 7 starting from the age of 6 weeks.

Difference

SKAL standards are more detailled compared to EU Regulation 2092/91. SKAL requires shrubs and trees to be present in the outdoor area and is grading the maximum number of animals per m² depending on the age of the animals.

Justification

All animals need enough space and outdoor areas for natural behaviour.

EU Regulation

Annex VII. Maximum numbers of animals per ha
Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Outdoor access
Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Country/Standard: Europe > The Netherlands > Skal
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:82
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:30 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 07:47

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