Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing and free range conditions, area, pigs - NL Skal Standards 2005

Vermunt, B (2005) Livestock housing and free range conditions, area, pigs - NL Skal Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Skal has set specific norms for sows and pigs (Rule Text: 2.6 article 7 and 8): A sufficient amount of maternity stables, a minimum of 4.4 m² per sow space to lie down in, a total minimum space of 7.2 m² per sow and 40 m² of unpaved outdoor area per sow is required. Indoors the surface area per pig must be 0.6 m². Per 20 kg pig 0.1 m² extra outdoor area is required.

Difference

Skal has set more detailed norms for sows and pigs, whereas the EU Regulation 2092/91 has not regulated these norms in detail. Annex VIII in the regulation only mentions 7.5 m2 per sow and 2.5 m2 unpaved outdoor area.

Justification

All animals need enough space and outdoor areas for natural behaviour.

EU Regulation

Annex VII. Maximum numbers of animals per ha
Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
Specific animal standards > Pigs
Country/Standard: Europe > The Netherlands > Skal
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:83
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:26 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 07:47

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