Vermunt, B (2005) Housing requierements / stocking rates - cattle / sheep for meat production. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]
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Skal has defined the norms for cattle and sheep held for meat production (Rule Text: 2.7 cattle and sheep held for meat production article 5 and 7): Until the age of 15 weeks, 4 till 6 animals must be housed as a group. After 15 weeks a minimum of 5 animals per each group is required. The space in the stable has to be 1,8 m² per animal till the age of 15 weeks, 2 m² till the age of 9 months and 6 m² starting from the age of 9 months. Calves till 15 weeks must have 125 m² outdoor access per animal. Sheep must have 2 m² per animal and 2.5 m² with lambs and be at least 300 days a year on the pasture.
In the EC-regulation Annex VIII of the EU Regulaton there it is only mentioned that 2.5 m² and 2.5 with 0.5 m² with lamb/kid per is requiered per head. It is not further specified.
All animals need enough space and outdoor areas for natural behaviour. COMMENT: This could be included in the EEC regulation.
|Item type:||Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91|
|Subjects:||Animal husbandry > Animal housing|
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
|Country/Standard:||Europe > The Netherlands > Skal|
|Principles:||Principle of care|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||22 Oct 2005|
|Last Modified:||16 Apr 2010 07:48|
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