Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing and free range conditions, area, poultry, NL Skal Standards

Vermunt, B (2005) Livestock housing and free range conditions, area, poultry, NL Skal Standards. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Skal has defined the norms for turkeys (Rule text: 2.11 article 3, 4, 5 and 6): Turkey pullets must have access to 10 m² outdoor areas with shrubs and trees, during the daylight, when they are 8 weeks old, except from winter days in case of sickness. A maximum of 25 kg of animal per m² is allowed at any age. In the stable 50% of the surface must be available for scratching. Animals must have access to perches or elevations with a minimum length of 20 cm per animal. The stable must have openings to the pasture with a total length of 4 meter per 100 m² stable surface evenly distributed over the sides of the stable.

Difference

Stable and detailed outdoor requierements for turkeys are not defined in EU Regulation 2092/91 with the exception of the minimum outdoor area of Annex VIII (10 m² per head).

Justification

All animals need enough space and outdoor areas for natural behaviour.

EU Regulation

Annex VII. Maximum numbers of animals per ha
Annex VIII. Minimum livestock surface areas indoor and outdoors

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Animal housing
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
Country/Standard: Europe > The Netherlands > Skal
Principles:Principle of fairness
Principle of health
ID Code:87
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:22 Oct 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 07:48

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