Organic Rules and Certification

Livestock housing and free range conditions, poultry - AT Bio Austrial General Standard 2006

Plakolm, Gerhard and Fromm, Elisabeth (2006) Livestock housing and free range conditions, poultry - AT Bio Austrial General Standard 2006. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

In addition to the general rules for animals there are special rules for free-range broilers about stocking density, the litter, the light, outdoor access and pasture. The total allowable number of broilers per farm is 9600. Maximum 35 animals/m2 of barn area are permissible until the end of the 4th week of age, direct and concentrated glare from the sun should be avoided. No low frequency neon lighting is to be used. In newly constructed barns, the distance to the exit/entry pop-holes may not exceed 12 m for chickens. Barn areas that are farther than 12 m from an opening to the outdoor exercise yard are not calculated as barn area. If there are more than one exit opening, each one must be at least 40 cm wide. 4 weeks are necessary for empty outdoor areas between the runs. A covered yard area right beside of the barn must be at least one third of the minimum barn area requirement and has to be spread with litter. This yard must be easily accessible for the broilers (even when there is snow on the ground) and should be protected from wind. It must be available for the animals during daytime (also in winter) without restriction – apart from temperatures below 0° C (danger of frost). (BA-Rules 2006 chapter 3.15)

Difference

The Bio Austria General Standard is very detailed while the EU Regulation 2092/91 does not have such specific requirements for free-range broiler husbandry.

Justification

Animal welfare and health, protection of the environment. The main reason is to fulfil consumer expectations; integrity of organic farming (husbandry).

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Housing and free-range conditions - Annex I B8, see also Annex VIII

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Specific animal standards > Poultry
Country/Standard: Europe > Austria > Bio Austria General Standard
Principles:Principle of fairness
Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:875
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:11 Sep 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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