Organic Rules and Certification

Manure fertilizers, intensity and import - CH Regulation 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2006) Manure fertilizers, intensity and import - CH Regulation 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

The source of brought-in manures is restricted by the positive list of admitted fertilizers in organic farming. For the export of manure of more than 1 LSU/year, a contract must exist with the farm receiving this manure. This farm must be managed according ecological principles and must not exceed adequate nutrient limits as set by the legislation.

Difference

Import of farm yard manure and compost can only occur if a contract exists with the exporting farm and nutrient needs of crops are not exceeded (evidence must be provided by calculation). EU Regulation 2092/91 also requires that farm yard manure is exported to an organic farm and all farms involved in the cooperation must comply with the nutrient limit of max 170kgN/ha.

Justification

Organic farming should be performed based on the principle of a closed system with self sufficiency in fertilizer supply but no excessive manure should be produced nor applied

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Livestock manure - Annex I B7, see also Annex VII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Crop production > Soil fertility and biological activity
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Governmental regulation
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:934
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:10 May 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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