Organic Rules and Certification

Manure fertilizers, export - CH Swiss Ordinance 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2006) Manure fertilizers, export - CH Swiss Ordinance 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Export of manure can only occur to farms which also comply with the maximum level of not more than 2.5 LSU/ha (Livestock units/ha). Purchase contracts for farmyard manure are only possible between holdings which provide the ecological services laid down in the Swiss Ordinance on Direct Payments of 7 December 1998 (ODP).

Difference

While the Swiss Ordinance excludes intensive stocking rates by strictly limiting manure exports from the farm, EU Regulation 2092/91 limits the manure used on the own farm to 170kgN/ha. If manure is exported, the farm receiving the manure must also not exceed the limit of 170kgN/ha.

Justification

The Swiss Ordinance intends to keep the stocking rate on each organic operation to an less-intensive level (not more than 2.5 LSU/ha). By these means, the goal of closed circles in organic farming, with self-sufficiency of fodder and nutrients can be reached.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Livestock manure - Annex I B7, see also Annex VII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Environmental care/environmental impact > Soil
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Governmental regulation
Principles:Ecological principle
ID Code:935
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:10 May 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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