Organic Rules and Certification

Manure fertilizers, intensity and import - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2006) Manure fertilizers, intensity and import - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

Imported organic farm yard manures may not exceed 50% of the quantity which is needed for the crops on farm. Commercial mineral and organic fertilizers are accepted but restricted according to their quality and origin and should undergo composting.

Difference

EU Regulation 2092/91 does not limit the import of commercial fertilizers. It only limits the application of farm yard manure to 170kgN/ha. DEMETER does limit this application to the LSU equivalent that could be fed on the farms own fodder basis. DEMETER also limits the distance for transporting farm yard manure.

Justification

Own animal husbandry is an important factor in a farm organism as definied by DEMETER. The lack of own animals should not be underlined by importing manures: instead own animal husbandry should be established. Furthermore, imported fertilizers can only be applied if used in combination with composted or prepared animal fertilizers.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Livestock manure - Annex I B7, see also Annex VII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex II. Permitted substances for the production of organic foods > Substances for plants and plant production - Annex 2 > Fertilizers and soil conditioners - Annex II A

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Crop production > Fertilisers
Crop production > Soil fertility and biological activity
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
Principle of health
ID Code:943
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:10 May 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

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