Organic Rules and Certification

Manure fertilizers, intensity and export - CH Demeter Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2006) Manure fertilizers, intensity and export - CH Demeter Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

This is the latest version of this eprint.

Find additional information in attached files:

[img]Word
23Kb
[img]Word
23Kb
[img]Word
23Kb
[img]Word
23Kb

Summary

The aim is to create the operation as an organism, which is a closed circle of nutrients and crop and fodder production - neither fodder nor fertilisers should be imported or exported. The operation is expected to be balanced in this regard. If at all, manure can only be exported to other organic units complying with the maximum stocking rate. For transporting manure the maximum distance of the Bio Suisse regulation is applied, which requires not more than 20-80km transport distance depending on the kind of manure.

Difference

DEMETER is striving for a balanced autonomous operation based on own fodder and fertilizer production (excessive manure does not occur in these operations). EU Regulation 2092/91 limits the farm yard manure used on the own farm to 170kg N/ha, if manure is exported this can be done to another organic unit, not exceeding the limit fo 170kg N/ha and year.

Justification

The balance between farmyard manure produced on the own farm and the nutrients required by plant production is essential for a sound and sustainable organic production method. The need of manure export does not occur on DEMETER farms - the opposite is more often the case.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Livestock manure - Annex I B7, see also Annex VII
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Fertilizing - Annex I A2
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Animal feed/Animal nutrition - Annex I B4

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Animal husbandry > Feed/Nutrition
Crop production > Fertilisers
Animal husbandry > Stocking rates (land)
Country/Standard: Europe > Switzerland > Demeter
Principles:Ecological principle
ID Code:944
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:10 May 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2010 13:00

Available Versions of this Item

Archive Staff Only: edit this record