Organic Rules and Certification

Conversion period - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005

Schmid, Otto and Ziegler, Katia (2006) Conversion period - Int. IFOAM Standards 2005. [Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91]

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Summary

IFOAM standards require in general a period of at least 36 months for conversion. Depending on the previous land use, the conversion period can be reduced to 12 months.

Difference

EU Regulation 2092/91 states that the minimum conversion period must be between 2 and 3 years: Generally a period of at least two years before sowing is required, or in the case of grassland at least two years before being used as an organic feedstuff, or in the case of perennial crops (excluding grassland) at least three years before the first harvest. IFOAM states at least 12 months prior to the start of the production cycle and in the case of perennials (excluding pastures and meadows) a period of at least 18 months prior to harvest However, where certain conditions are met the EU can make the minimum time 12 months. So in this respect there is some equivalency between both sets of standards.

Justification

No justification was given.

EU Regulation

Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > A.Plant and plant products > Conversion - Annex I A1
Annex I. Principles of organic production and processing > B.Livestock and livestock products - Annex I B > Conversion - Annex I B2

Item type:Organic rules - Differences between other regulations/standards and EEC No 2092/91
Subjects:Conversion > Parallel conversion
Conversion > Conversion definitions
Conversion
Conversion > Whole farm conversion
Country/Standard:IFOAMS Basic standards
Principles:Principle of care
ID Code:963
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:25 Apr 2006
Last Modified:24 Nov 2008 08:19

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