Organic Rules and Certification

All differences in one table by country standards

  • Organic regulations/standards by region
    • Europe
      • Denmark
        • Governmental regulation
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Title Description Difference Justification and Comments
Animal fodder, conventional/organic feed - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Ruminants (cattle, sheep and goats) shall be fed 100 % organic feed whith a maximum of 30 % in-conversion feed or 60 % in-conversion feed if it comes from own farm according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, 2006, table 4.4. According to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, Table 4.4: Requirements of the daily feed ration in DM/animal/day, it is not allowed to feed conventional feed products to ruminants (cattle, sheep and goats), while the EU Regulation 2092/91 as amendended by EU Regulation 1294/2005, allows 5% conventional feed to ruminants during the period from 25 August 2005 to 31 December 2007. A study carried out in Denmark showed that it is possible to feed ruminants with 100 % organic and in-conversion feedstuffs, so the allowance of 5 % conventional feed in the feed ration for herbivores until 31. December 2007 only applies to horses in Denmark. Consumers expect that animals used for organic food production are fed 100 % with organic feed products.
Conversion, livestock and animal products - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006
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Conversion of all animals shall be started within 4 years after the beginning of the conversion according to the Danish Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, Section 2.1: Conversion to organic agricultural production. However, according to 'section 4.1.8 animals for own use within the limits of non-commercial animal production (see attached file) are allowed as long as there is no organic production of the same animal species on the farm. The number and type of animals must be rapported to the Plantdirectorate. The manure from the non-commercial animals is considered organic, when used on own farm.
According to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Agricultural Production, October 2006 it is generally required that all animals are converted and the conversion of them shall start within 4 years after the entering into conversion of the farm except for non-commercial animal production for own use. According to EU Regilation 2092/91 Annex IB, Article 1.6 rearing of conventional livestock may be allowed on an organic holding provided they are of a different species than the organic animals, and they are reared on units where the buildings and parcels are clearly separated from the buildings and parcels where the organic animals are reared. Organic farming is a land based activity with a holistic approach. It is not logic to convert one kind of animal production and not the other. Besides, the requirement reduces the risk of fraud. However, for non-commercial animal production where only few animals are kept for own use it may be reasonable to set less strict rules.
Full farm conversion - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006
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Conversion of the whole farm including own and leased areas, buildings and animals shall be started within 4 years after the beginning of the conversion according to DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, 2006, Section 2.1: Conversion to organic agricultural production.
It is generally required that the whole farm including land, buildings and animals is converted, and the conversion of all land and animals shall be started within 4 calendar years after entering into conversion according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006. According to the EU Regulation 2092/91 Article 6, Annex I A, Article 1 and Annex I B, Article 2 there is no requirement on conversion of the whole farm and therefore also no requirement on how long time the conversion of the whole farm is allowed to take. In the DK Governmental Guidelines there are some derogation possibilities, which are described in Section 2.1 and 2.2, but they will need individual approval by the certification and inspection authority, the Plant Directorate. Organic farming is a land based activity with a holistic approach. It is not logic to convert a piece of land or a special plant or animal production while leaving the rest of the production conventional.
Livestock manure, fertilizers, intensity and import The maximum application of Nitrogen in livestock manure is 140 kg total N per hectare per plan period (August 1 - July 31) and a maximum of 50 % of the Nitrogen (70 kg total N/hectare) may be conventional manure or other fertilizers listed in Annex 1 according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, Section 3.4: Fertilisers and soil improvers. According to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, Section 3.4: Fertilisers and soil improvers, the maximum application of Nitrogen in livestock manure is 140 kg total-N per hectare per plan period (August 1 - July 31). Maximum 50 % of the Nitrogen (70 kg total N/hectare) may be from conventional manure or other fertilizers in Annex I A. Besides, there are general limits (also for conventional farms) for the application of N to various crops depending on soil type and previous crop. According to the EEC 2092/91 Regulation, Annex I B, Article 7.1 the total amount of manure applied on the agricultural land of a holding may not exceed 170 kg N per hectare per year in accordance with Directive 91/676/EEC. There are no restrictions on the application of conventional manure or other fertilisers mentioned in Annex I A within this limit. The lower limit of 140 kg total N/ha has been set due to environmental concerns and studies showing that the legumes in the rotation, which are not accounted for in the calculation of total N-application, may deliver a considerable contribution to the nitrogen input. The requirement that maximum 50 % of the total N may come from conventional manure is set to reduce the dependency on conventional farming and to reduce the risk of contamination of the soil.
Plant protection, copper - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Use of copper is not allowed for plant protection purposes in any organic or conventional plant cultures in Denmark. The DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark" does not mention copper or any copper compounds. Copper is not allowed according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production, October 2006, while limited quantities of certain Copper compounds may be used according to Annex II B, Section IV of the EU Regulation 2092/91. Copper is a heavy metal which may accumulate in the soil and have a negative influence on the soil flora and fauna. Therefore the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark, has banned the use of copper products for plant protection purposes in Denmark.
Plant protection, microorganisms - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Only the named microorganism species, Bacillus thuringiensis, Beauveria bassiana, Coniothyrium minitans, Phlebiopsis gigantea, Pseudomonas chlororaphis, Streptomyces griseovirides, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma ploysporium and Verticillium lecanii are approved for biological control according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark". Only certain named microorganism species are approved for biological control in organic plant production in Denmark whereas the species allowed for biological control are not specified in the EU Regulation 2092/91, Annex II B, Section II. The microorganism species approved for biological control in organic plant production in Denmark are the ones which have been approved for use in conventional and organic plant production by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark.
Plant protection, substances, Azadirachtin (Neem), Quassia and Rotenone - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Azadirachtin (Neem), Quassia and Rotenone are not allowed for plant protection purposes in any organic and conventional plant cultures in Denmark. The DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2 "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark" does not mention Azacirachtin (Neem), Quassia and Rotenone. Azadirachtin (Neem), Quassia and Rotenone are not allowed as "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark", while products based on these substances may be used as insecticides (or mainly as repellent - Quassia), if need is recognised by the inspection authority according to Annex II B of the EU Regulation 2092/91. No plant protection products based on Azadirachtin (Neem), Quassia and Rotenone have been approved for use in Denmark by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark. To be approved a full documentation for pesticide evaluation will be needed and no companies have applied for that. Rotenone e.g. is a broad insecticide and may be very harmful to aquatic organisms.
Plant protection, substances, hydrolysed proteins - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Hydrolysed proteins are not allowed as attractants in organic plant production in Denmark, because there are no products approved by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency undder the Danish Ministry for Environment. Hydrolysed proteins are not allowed according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark". According to Annex II B, Section I of the EU Regulation 2092/91 hydrolysed proteins are allowed as attractant in authorized applications in combination with other appropriate products of this Annex II, part B. Hydrolysed protein has not been approved for use as attractant in Denmark by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark.
Plant protection, substances, mineral oils - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Mineral oils are not allowed for plant protection purposes in organic plant production in Denmark according to DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark" because there is an alternative, paraffin oil. Mineral oils are not allowed according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark". According to Annex II B, Section IV of the EU Regulation 2092/91 Mineral oils are allowed as fungicide and insecticide for use in fruit trees, vines, olive trees and tropical crops, when the need is recognised by the inspection body or inspection authority. Mineral oils are not approved for use as insecticide or fungicide in organic farming in Denmark, because there is an alternative, paraffin oil, which, according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Producion 2006 may be used against insects, spinning mites and mildew in fruit trees and bushes before bluming and after harvest plus in roses and other horticultural plants. Mineral oils contain toxic substances, which may harm beneficial organisms.
Plant protection, substances, pyrethrins - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Pyrethrins extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerarieaefolium are not available for plant protection purposes in organic plant production in Denmark, because there are no products approved by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency, which contain pyrethrin as the only active substance. Pyrethrins extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerarieaefolium are allowed according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark", when need is recognised by the Plant Directorate, but no approved products with only natural Pyrethrins are available in Denmark. According to Annex II B, Section I of the EU Regulation 2092/91 Pyrethrins extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium are allowed when the need is recognised by the inspection body or inspection authority. No plant protection products based on Pyrethrins from Chrysanthemum cineraiaefolium without the synthetic synergist, piperonylbutoxid have been approved for use in Denmark by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark. The use of syntehtic pesticides or additives in organic crop production is against the principles of health, ecology and care
Plant protection, substances, traps/dispensers - DK Governmental Guidelines 2006 Diammonimum phosphate, Pheromones and Pyrethroids (only deltamethrin or lambda-cyhalothrin) are not approved for use in traps or dispensers for plant protection purposes in organic plant production in Denmark because Diammonium phosphate and pheromones for use in traps and dispensers have not been approved by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, and Batrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata wied, which are the only insects Pyrethroids may be used against in organic farming, are not found in Denmark The substances to be used in traps and/or dispensers, Diammonimum phosphate, Pheromones and Pyrethroids (only deltamethrin or lambda-cyhalothrin) are not approved according to the DK Governmental Guidelines on Organic Agricultural Production 2006, Annex 2: "Active substances which under certain circumstances may be used as plant protection agents on organic or in-conversion areas in Denmark". According to the EU Regulation 2092/91, Annex II B, Section III, Diammonium phosphate and Pheromones are allowed without restrictions, while Pyrethroids are allowed only against Batrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata. Diammonimum phosphate and Pheromones for use in traps and dispensers have not been approved by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency under the Danish Ministry for Environment, which is the public authority responsible for evaluation and approval of all pesticides to be used in Denmark, and Batrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata wied are insects, which are not found in Denmark